- Financial data in the AIMS
- Financial data in IATI
- Mapping financial data from IATI to AIMS
The Bangladesh AIMS contains a number of different sorts of financial data. IATI also has a number of different sorts of financial data, and has a couple of different ways of handling such data. Some donors may interpret this a little differently. Given these differences, the import tool will need to provide users with some information (e.g. comparing amounts in two systems) in order to help them make sensible decisions.
Financial data in the AIMS
Financial data is found in the AIMS either at the project level (as a single value) or as a series of transactions of different types, under funding information.
A single value (in different currencies, with a currency conversion rate to USD) can be provided for each of the following fields:
- Project Cost in USD (total project cost)
- DP Contribution (managing DP’s contribution)
- Other Contribution (other DPs’ contributions)
- GoB Sharing (government contribution)
Many values (in different currencies, with currency conversion rates to USD) can be provided for each of the following fields:
- Planned disbursements
- Actual Disbursements
Disbursements (both planned and actual) are linked to commitments (which are actually the value of financing agreements)
Financial data in IATI
Financial data can be found in two places in IATI.
Most financial data is found in
<transaction> elements. Each activity can have many transactions. Transactions can be of several different types. The main three we will be concerned with are
expenditure. There are also a series of transaction types relating to loans; we will look at these in more detail when the need arises.
Financial data relating to forward plans is found in two other elements,
<planned-disbursement>. The difference between these two is not well documented and usage varies. Budget is generally supposed to be medium-term forward plans for an activity – at least one year ahead, and broken down into quarterly chunks. Planned disbursement is generally supposed to show the specific date when specific tranches of funding will be disbursed. It is likely to be much more short term and particularly used in the context of budget support.
Mapping financial data from IATI to AIMS
Mapping to funding information
Planned disbursements are handled somewhat differently – see below.
|AIMS||IATI v1.x||IATI v2.x||IATI definition|
|Commitment||C||2||A firm, written obligation from a donor or provider to provide a specified amount of funds, under particular terms and conditions, for specific purposes, for the benefit of the recipient.|
|Actual Disbursement||D; E||3; 4||D: Outgoing funds that are placed at the disposal of a recipient government or organisation, or funds transferred between two separately reported activities.
E: Outgoing funds that are spent on goods and services for the activity.
|Actual Expenditure||–||–||see notes|
- it appears that in both the AIMS and IATI, donors use Disbursement and Expenditure interchangeably and inconsistently. We recommend in general mapping both of these types of transactions to Disbursements. In IATI, expenditures are sometimes used for administrative or ancilliary costs, or for funds spent on things that would not be expected to show up lower down the chain of IATI publishers – for example, office supplies. However, the definition and distinction is not very clear.
- there is not total agreement in IATI about the definition of “Commitment”. While the original DAC definition (which the IATI definition is derived from, and fairly dependent upon) defines it as a “firm, written obligation” – normally a formal letter exchanged with the government – it is sometimes also understood to be the total value of the project. The
budgetelement is probably more appropriate for the total value of the proejct, but we need to be mindful that donors may use this data in slightly different ways.
The two IATI columns show the codes used on the
transaction-type/@code attribute on each
Mapping to planned disbursements
We will generally map from
budget to planned disbursements. We need to have a definition of what is required in the AIMS (e.g. must planned disbursements be disaggregated by quarter). We should consider how forward data is currently used in the AIMS, and what happens to “forward” data once the date is past.
Mapping to project information
|Project Cost in USD||Sum of all
|DP contribution||Sum of all
|Other contribution||Sum of all
|GoB sharing||No mechanism for capturing this data in IATI – must be manually filled out in the AIMS|